Last Updated July 13, 2018

Eve Arnold

American (Born 1912 - Died 2012 ) FREE LISTING Hot
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People and portraits
Influence: Historically influential or important

Eve Arnold photographed many of the iconic figures who shaped the second half of the twentieth century, yet she was equally comfortable documenting the lives of the poor and dispossessed, “migrant workers, civil-rights protesters of apartheid in South Africa, disabled Vietnam war veterans and Mongolian herdsmen. Arnold was particularly noted for her work using available light, concentrating on the image in the lens and eschewing extensive use of photographic lighting and flash. Of this she said 'By the time you set up lights the image is gone', in an interview in 2000. Arnold's images of Marilyn Monroe on the set of The Misfits (1961) were perhaps her most memorable, but she had taken many photos of Monroe from 1951 onwards. She gave celebrity portraiture a fresh modern more natural look.

Eve Arnold was born Eve Cohen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the middle of nine children born to immigrant Russian-Jewish parents. She began photographing in 1946, while working at a photo-finishing plant. She studied photography in 1948 with Alexei Brodovitch at the New School for Social Research in New York.

Arnold became associated with Magnum Photos in 1951, becoming a full member in 1957.

Originally based in the USA, in 1962 she moved to the UK, and with the exception of a six-year interval when she worked in the US and China, she lived in the UK for the rest of her life. Her time in China led to her first major solo exhibition at the Brooklyn Museum in 1980. Arnold also received the National Book Award for In China and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Magazine Photographers in 1980.

In 1995, Arnold was made fellow of the Royal Photographic Society and elected Master Photographer – the world’s most prestigious photographic honour, by New York’s International Center of Photography. In 1996, she received the Kraszna-Krausz Book Award for In Retrospect. The following year she was granted honorary degrees by the University of St Andrews, Staffordshire University, and the American International University in London; she was also appointed to the advisory committee of the National Museum of Photography, Film & Television in Bradford, UK.

She has had twelve books published including: The Unretouched Woman, 1976; Flashback: The 50's, 1978; and Marilyn for Ever, 1987.

Arnold died in London in 2012.